What's the difference between especially and specially?

Here are some general rules which might help you choose which to use.

With an adjective, they can both mean 'more than normal' but especially is much more common. In informal English, you can use that. For example:

This vocabulary isn't especially/specially/that difficult.

Use especially with a noun to mean 'particularly' (or 'more than other things'). It is usually used after a comma.

I love watching films, especially/particularly thrillers.

Use specially to mean 'for this particular purpose'. It is often used with a passive verb structure.

These houses were specially built for small families.

It's Halloween, so I rented this horror film specially (for this occasion).

We don't usually use especially or specially at the start of a sentence. Instead, use in particular at the start of a second sentence to give a 'more than other things' example.

I love watching films. In particular, I really like horror films.


Choose the best word/expression to complete these sentences.

  1. Paula is really good at English,  the grammar.
  2. I'd really like to travel more.  I'd like to visit Japan.
  3. Everyone was really angry,  Yuki.
  4. I had my hair cut  for the job interview.
  5. My sister is allergic to nuts, so her food is always  prepared.
  6. You shouldn't smoke,  if you are pregnant.

Note: This area of English is (especially!) complicated, and some websites with advice on this seem to disagree with each other. It can be a good idea to look at corpus data (e.g. from the British National Corpus) which gives you real examples of how people use vocabulary.